Difference between Latin America and South America
The Americas is a time period that refers back to the North and South continents. This additionally consists of all islands and territories that lie inside their borders. There may be nice confusion and misuse of the phrases Latin America and South America. For some individuals, they’ve turn out to be synonymous. Nevertheless, there are numerous variations between the 2, and a geographical entity (South America) shouldn’t be confused with an ideological or cultural one (Latin America).
Key phrases: South America, Latin America, romantic languages, colonization, geography cultural entity, geographical entity.
South America is the fourth largest and the fifth most populated continent on the planet and naturally it dwells within the southern a part of the Americas. It’s surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. The continent is made up of the next 16 international locations and islands:
- Falkland Islands
- French Guiana
- South Georgia
- South Sandwich Islands
These international locations and islands are unfold over 17.840,000 km² and are house to 422.5 million individuals.
Historically essentially the most recognized landmarks of the continent are the Andes mountains the Amazon rainforest and the Amazon river.
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The continent can be well-known due to its turbulent previous throughout its colonization which began within the late 1400s. Whereas the colonization started with the Spanish and Portuguese conquests and exploration, different European nations adopted go well with.
The presence of such all kinds of languages and cultures is thus defined by the European colonization of the continent. South America gained independence throughout the late 18th and early 19th century.
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The next languages are spoken in South America: Portuguese, Spanish, French, Dutch, English and numerous indigenous languages reminiscent of Quechua, Aymara and Wayuu. These typically share the official standing alongside Spanish or Portuguese.
The primary financial actions of South America are mining, agriculture and forestry. Chile is the richest nation in South America with $23,969 USD GDP per capita whereas Brazil is the wealthiest nation with a GDP (PPP) at $three,081billion USD.
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Latin America is a time period attributed to the area that covers all international locations within the Americas that talk a romantic language or a language derived from Latin reminiscent of French, Spanish or Portuguese.
The time period grew to become extensively used as a consequence of Napoleon the threerd, within the late 1800s, to justify his engrossment in Mexican politics. The time period itself nevertheless could be traced again to the writing of French author Michel Chevalier.
Latin America, is understood for having been house to numerous teams of necessary historic civilizations such because the Maya and the Inca, a lot of which have been destroyed with the arrival of the Europeans explorations.
There’s a lack of consensus and many various opinions as to what international locations and lands needs to be included in Latin America. Essentially the most widespread estimation is that Latin America consists of the next international locations in Central America, South America, North America and the Caribbean:
- Costa Rica
- El Salvador
- French Guiana
- Dominican Republic
- Puerto Rico
- Saint-Barthelme and Saint-Martin
It consists of 19,197, 000 km² which is sort of 13% of the whole floor of the earth and in 2015 its inhabitants was estimated to be 626 million.
As talked about earlier than solely Latin-based languages are spoken in Latin America. These embody Spanish, Portuguese and French.
Due to the various make up of Latin America, its financial system is simply as advanced. Total the financial system of Latin America in a single primarily based on export.
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Main differences between Latin America and South America:
Latin America is a cultural entity generally outlined as a gaggle of nations within the Americas the place one of many Latin-based languages are spoken. It’s not properly outlined and there’s at all times disagreement as to which international locations are included beneath this time period. There are not any parameters or borders, it’s extra of a generic idea present process steady change.
South America is the southern a part of the American continent the place international locations reminiscent of Argentina, Brazil and Chile could be discovered. South America isn’t outlined by language or tradition however by its borders.
Latin America is characterised by a commonality between the weather of historic expertise, language and tradition.
Latin America consists of many of the South American continent however it’s a lot bigger.
The above talked about make the 2 extra related than completely different with many overlapping traits reminiscent of local weather or faith.
South America and Latin America Comparison Chart:
|South America and Latin America|
|South America is a geographical entity|
|South America is made up of 16 international locations and islands|
|South America is outlined by its geographical borders|
|South America is made up of 17.840,000 km²|
|South America homes a inhabitants of 422.5 million individuals|
|The next languages are spoken in South America: Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, French, English and a wide range of indigenous languages|
South America and Latin America are two various kinds of entities. The primary talked about is a geographical entity whereas the opposite is a cultural entity.
Latin America comprises most off South America however it consists of many different islands, international locations and territories.
There are linguistic variations between the 2. Latin America consists of solely international locations the place a romantic language/ Latin-rooted language is spoken whereas South America is house to many European and Indigenous languages.
As inhabitants, Latin America is way bigger than South America.
Geographically Latin America covers rather more territory than South America.